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What Part of Cow Hide is Used For What?

If you’re in the market for a new pair of boots or are just curious about what cowhide is made of, then this article will help you understand the differences between Cowhide, Split, and Half-butt leather. Learn what each part of cowhide is used for and how it differs from other types of leather. There are several types of leather, but these are the most common ones. To find the right leather for your project, you must know how it is processed.

Split cowhide leather

What is split cowhide leather? A complete cowhide is 5 square meters in size. A single split cowhide has a usable area of approximately 1.5 square meters from the butt area. Unlike top-grain leather, split cowhide leather is not as strong as the fiber structure of top-grain leather. This means that consumers may not be able to tear it by hand. A topical finish conceals this problem, but it does make it harder for consumers to tell the difference.

Full-grain (Cowhide) leather

Full-grain leather refers to the top layer of cowhide. This layer has not been altered in any way and remains natural, as it was when the animal was first born. Top-grain cowhide is the strongest part of the hide, as it shows natural hair follicles and pores. It can also be marked by small scars and natural variations in the grain texture. Each hide is unique and contains different markings and blemishes.

Half-butt leather

There are two main types of cowhide. Whole butts are the thickest part of the hide, while half butts are cut down the middle. The reason the butts are so thick is that the animal’s belly expands and contracts while it eats, resulting in stretchy softer leather and varying thickness in the butt and upper leg area. Hence, the weight of a piece of half-butt cowhide will vary slightly.

Bison leather/buffalo leather

There are several reasons that buffalo/bison leather is useful in the leather industry. Buffalo leather is highly pliable and is excellent for creating a variety of finished products, including shoes, purses, and jackets. Unlike cowhide, buffalo leather does not degrade over time and has excellent stretch properties. It is also soft, flexible, and durable, which makes it an excellent choice for high-quality leather products.

Tanned with chromium salts

Tanned cowhide contains four to five percent chromium. The chemical acts on collagen fibers to stabilize them. Because the chromium used in tanning is tightly bound to proteins, it is not as harmful as the hexavalent variety. However, the tanning industry is interested in the management of chromium. Various management techniques are used in tanning, including recovery and reuse, direct recycling, and “chrome-less” tanning.

cowhide tan speckled rugs

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