How Navajo Rugs Are Made
Learn how Navajo rugs are made. These rugs are made with sheep’s wool and have side cords and reversing warp thread on both ends. These hand-woven rugs are often resold by retailers for profit. Learn how they are made by reading this article. Also, learn how to tell if a rug is a genuine Navajo item.
Navajo rugs are made from sheep’s wool
Navajo rugs are hand-woven pieces of clothing, made with wool from sheep. These textiles can vary greatly in appearance, as the wool from different regions is dyed differently. Although the rugs may have many similarities in their designs, their manufacturing processes are very different. To learn how to make a Navajo rug, consider some of these facts. The following are some of the main aspects of a Navajo rug.
The Navajo people used to weave rugs for their homes, as they had no other material to use. The blankets were made from sheep’s wool, and often resembled the pattern of a chief’s blanket. While some chiefs created their own rugs, others used old copies of the original blankets. These are called “chiefs rugs” and are still valued throughout the world.
They have side cords
If you’ve ever noticed that Navajo Rugs have side corded edges, you’re not alone. Indian arts dealers have used the term “flexibility” for years to describe their rugs. Flexibility refers to the way the Navajo rugs are woven, so they can be viewed as finely woven. These rugs often feature shines, which are synthetic aniline dyes first invented in 1858 and later used extensively for weaving. Another common name for shines is magenta. Another term used to describe Navajo rug weaving is the Gallup throw, which is a smaller Navajo weaving with a knotted warp end instead of a standard end cord finish.
In addition to side cords, many Navajo rugs also have “lazy lines,” which are diagonal breaks in the color field or design elements. These lines are the result of the Navajo weavers sitting on the ground and weaving in sections, rather than in continuous rows. This angled edge helps the weaver move from section to section faster than if he’d been working on the entire rug. Lazy lines are also common in Mexican imitation Navajo rugs, which tend to have wider side and end borders.
They have reversing warp thread at both ends
Navajo rugs are classified by the weave patterns they use. There are nine types of Navajo weaves plain weave, diamond twill, double cloth, Germantown, and five-cord diagonal. Each of these weaves is produced on a different heddle loom, so no two Navajo rugs will ever be alike.
A Navajo vertical loom is a traditional tool with no modern innovations. The frame used by the Navajos is the same for many generations. Sample looms are set up with partially-woven rugs to show the differences between the reversing warp thread. The warp thread is strung between the upper and lower loom bars. The warp thread is closely placed and forms a figure-eight pattern in the middle.
They are resold by retailers
Buying authentic Navajo rugs can be a complicated process, especially for novice buyers. It is best to purchase these items from a reputable source, such as a rug retailer that carries the Indian Arts and Crafts Association seal. The manager should have knowledge about the product and should be a credible trader who will not misrepresent merchandise. The quality of the rugs should be commensurate with their price.
Authentic rugs will tell you that the rug is made by a Navajo weaver. A Navajo rug should tell the story of the creator, not a corporate owner. Authentic rugs will communicate a deep connection between the Navajo people and the creator. Even a small mistake can take away $20 from the price. Authentic rugs will also display the relationship between the weaver and the creator.